Cadet College Admission Test Preparation 2024 : Right Forms of Verbs
A verb may take different forms such as present simple, past simple, present participle, past participle, bare infinitive, to infinitive, gerund etc.
Right Forms of Verbs is a part of the cadet college admission test syllabus 2024. So we put up an article today on the most widely used rules of the right forms of verbs.
No doubt that verb is the most important element of a sentence. A verb may take different forms such as present simple, past simple, present participle, past participle, bare infinitive, to infinitive, gerund, etc. Therefore knowing the rules regarding the proper use of right forms of verbs is also very much important.
Some Important Rules For Using Right Forms of Verbs :
A. If there are adverbs like always, regularly, sometimes, often, generally, daily, every-day,
occasionally, usually, normally, etc. in a sentence without any mention of time, then the verb will be in
present indefinite tense. For example :
- He always speaks in English in the class.
2. My daughter intends to take fast food daily.
3. I read the Daily Star every morning.
4. My father does exercise regularly.
B. To expresses universal truth, habitual fact, the verb will be in the present tense.
- The sun rises in the east.
2. Water consists of two elements–Hydrogen & Oxygen.
3. The Earth orbits the Sun.
C. City or country name representing a team takes the plural form of a verb. See the examples below :
- India have won (not has won) the first semifinal match against South Africa in ICC Cricket World Cup 2023.
2. Bangladesh (Bangladesh Cricket Team) are going to play two-match test series against New Zealand, starting from November 24, 2023.
3. Manchester City have won the last EUFA Champions League.
D. If an active sentence contains has, have, had, then the verb will be in the past participle form. As for example :
- He has finished his M.A. in English.
2. The teacher has punished the students.
3. I have visited the national museum.
E. If there are just, just now, already, yet, ever, lately, recently etc. in a sentence, then the verb will be in the present perfect tense. For example :
- We have recently paid a visit to my village home.
2. The boss has just left the office.
3. We have not taken the breakfast yet.
F. If a sentence contains the words indicating past time, such as yesterday, ago, long since, last night, etc., then the verb will be in the past form. For example :
- I went to my village home last week.
2. They lived here long since.
3. The man came here yesterday.
4. The police arrested the criminal last night.
G. If any action was happening or going on in the past, the verb will be in the past continuous tense.
- He was then eating.
2. I was reading at that time.
H. If a sentence contains No sooner had …. than, scarcely had when, hardly had before, etc., then the first verb will be in the past participle form and the second verb will be in the past form. For example :
- No sooner had he seen the police than he ran away.
2. No sooner had we reached the station than the train ran away.
I. If a sentence has the word ‘since’ then the first part of ‘since’ is present indefinite or present perfect tense while the next or following part will be past indefinite. For example :
- It is many years since I came to Dhaka.
2. Many years have passed since his father died.
J. If any work is continuing at present, then the verb becomes present continuous. The words now, at present, at this moment, etc. may be present in the sentence. For example :
- She is singing now.
2. They are watching television at this moment.
3. I am driving at this moment.
K. If the first part of ‘since’ is past indefinite tense, then the next part becomes past perfect. For example :
- It was many years since they had first met.
2. It was long since I had seen her last.
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L. A sentence containing ‘before’: If the first part of ‘before’ is past perfect, then the next part becomes past indefinite. For example :
- The teacher had started the class before I came.
2. The patient had died before the doctor came.
3. I had finished my home-work before father came home.
M. A sentence containing ‘after’: If the first part of ‘after’ is past indefinite tense, then the next part will be past perfect. For example :
- The teacher started the class after I had come.
2. The patient died after the doctor had come.
N. If a verb comes just after ‘while’, then the verb will take ‘ing’ with it. But if verb comes after ‘while + subject’, then the verb will be in the past continuous tense. For example :
- While going to office yesterday, I saw a snake.
2. Don’t talk to each other while reading.
3. While I was walking along the road, a snake bit me.
O. The main verb after ‘to be’ and ‘having’ takes past participle form. For example :
- He ran away having taken the money.
2. The chairman ordered the notice to be hung.
P. If a sentence contains by this time, by morning, by Sunday, etc., then the verb of the sentence will be in the future perfect tense. For example :
- They will have reached home by this time.
2. My son will have returned from vacation by next Monday.
3. We will have finished the project by June 2024.
Q. If a sentence contains tomorrow, next month, coming year, etc., then the verb of the sentence will be in the future indefinite tense. For example :
- My whole family will leave for vacation tomorrow.
2. We shall visit the zoo next Sunday.
3. Our final examination will begin from next Thursday.
R. If a simple sentence contains two verbs, then the 2nd verb will take ‘ing’ or ‘to’ before it or will take the past participle form. For example :
- I saw him running.
2. I want to go now.
3. He got the work done.
S. Had better, had rather, would better, would rather, let, must, need, dare, etc. are followed by the present forms of verb and if there is ‘to’ before that verb, then the ‘to’ is omitted. For example :
- You had better leave the class.
2. I won’t let you go now.
3. You need not help me.
4. We would rather follow the direction of our teacher.
T. The verb after it is high time, it is time, wish, fancy, etc. will be in the past form. For example :
- It is high time we did the work.
2. I wish I went there.
3. I fancy I got a car.
4. It is time you studied hard.
U. After as though, as if, wish, etc. the ‘to be verb’ transforms into ‘were’. For example :
- I wish I were a king.
2. She talks as if she were a mad.
3. He speaks as though he were president.
V. If the first part of ‘as though/as if’ is present indefinite, then the next part will be past indefinite. But if the first part is past indefinite, the next part will be past perfect. For example :
- He speaks as though he knew everything.
2. She behaved as though she had not learned any manner.
W. The principal verbs or main verbs take present forms after modal auxiliaries such as can, could, may, might, should etc.. For example :
- We should not waste our time.
2. The athlete could run fast.
3. We would help the poor.
X. If have, has, had, got, etc. work as causative verb in sentence, then the verb after them will be past participle. For example :
- I got the work done.
2. I have my apartment painted.
3. My brother have his clothes washed by a laundry service.
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Y. The verb after am, is, are, was, were takes ‘-ing’ in active form, but it will be in the past participle in passive form. For example :
- He is doing the work.
2. The work is done by him.
3. The boys were playing football.
4. The letter was written by his friend.
Z 1. If a sentence has the word ‘lest’, then the subject takes should/might after it. As for examples :
- The man walked fast lest he should miss the train.
2. My son studied hard lest he might fail in the examination.
Z 2. A given verb takes ‘ing’ form after the following words: mind, worth, without, past, cannot help, could not help, with a view to, look forward to, would you mind, get used to, etc. For example :
- Tomorrow I am going to Chittagong with a view to meeting my friends.
2. The job offer is worth considering.
3. The USA government is looking forward to hearing from the ruling Awami League.
4. I think you would not mind opening the window.
Final Note :
Using wrong forms of verbs in sentences create ambiguity about the meanings in them. Therefore it is important to choose the right one in the appropriate place to make the sentence meaningful and understandable. To get sound knowledge about right form of verbs, you should learn or remember the above-mentioned rules. Good luck from cadet college admission test!